Glossary of Terms
Team: The team is the entire 12 players and captain(s).
Match Play: Match Play is the game played by holes.
Advice: Any counsel or suggestion that could influence a player in determining his play, the choice of a club or the method of making a stroke. Each team may appoint one person who may give advice to members of that team. Such person must be identified to the Committee before giving advice.
Side (not team): A side is a player, or two or more players who are partners (foursome or four-ball).
Partner (not player-partner): A partner is a player associated with another player on the same side.
Opponent: In match play it is never a competitor, always an opponent or player.
Four-Ball (not Best Ball): A four-ball match is when two play their better ball against the better ball of two other players.
Order of Play in Four-Ball: The balls belonging to the same side may be played in the order the side considers best.
Foursome: A foursome match is when two play against two, and each side plays one ball.
Single (not individual): A single match is when one plays against another.
Committee: "The Committee" is the Committee in charge of the competition.
Referee: The referee is one who is appointed by the Committee to accompany players to decide questions of fact and apply the Rules. He shall act on any breach of a Rule that he observes or is reported to him. A referee's decision is final.
Observer: An observer is one who is appointed by the Committee to assist a referee to decide questions of fact and report to him any breach of a Rule.
Honorary Observer: An honorary observer is one who is appointed by the Committee to assist the observer.
Reckoning of Hole (status of match): Reckoning of holes is kept by the terms: so many "holes up," or "all square" and so many "holes to play."
Halved Hole: A hole is halved when each side holes out in the same number of strokes.
All Square: A match is all square when each side has won the same number of holes as the other side, or when each hole has been halved.
Dormie: A match is dormie when a side is as many holes up as there are holes remaining to be played.
Concession of next stroke, hole or match (Rule 2-4): When the opponent's ball is at rest or is deemed to be at rest under Rule 16-2, the player may concede the opponent to have holed out with his next stroke and the ball may be removed by either side with a club or otherwise. A player may concede a hole or a match at any time prior to the conclusion of the hole or the match. Concession of a stroke, hole or match may not be declined or withdrawn.
Claims (Rule 2-5): Any claim or dispute which arises between sides shall be made to the referee before any player in the match plays form the next teeing ground or, in the case of the last hole of the match, before all players in the match leave the putting green.
Practice (Rule 7) is allowed as follows:
1. Before or between rounds, a player may practice on the course.
2. During the round, a player shall not practice either during the play of a hole or between the play of two holes, except that, between play of two holes, the player may practice putting or chipping on or near the putting green of the last hole played, any practice putting green or the teeing ground of the next hole to be played in the round, provided such practice stroke is not played from a hazard and does not unduly delay play. Strokes played in continuing the play of a hole, the result in which has been decided, are not practice strokes.